Masscan+Nmap实现快速端口存活和服务探测

2021-01-12
363

前言

想法源自: Nmap配合Masscan实现高效率扫描资产, 使用下来,感觉有点问题,恰好自己目前有这方面的需求,就顺手改下,也分享给大家。

Masnmap

Github 链接: https://github.com/starnightcyber/masnmap

masscan + nmap 快速端口存活检测和服务识别。

思路很简单,将masscan在端口探测的高速和nmap服务探测的准确性结合起来,达到一种相对比较理想的效果。 先使用masscan以较高速率对ip存活端口进行探测,再以多进程的方式,使用nmap对开放的端口进行服务探测。

依赖说明

本脚本依赖masscan 、nmap和python-nmap库。

masscan和nmap请自行安装,python-nmap库可通过如下命令安装。

pip3 install python-nmap -i https://pypi.douban.com/simple/

项目文件说明

简要文件说明如下:

masnmap.py: masscan + nmap结合快速端口存活和服务探测脚本;

ips.txt: 需探测的ip地址列表,每行一个ip地址;

services.txt: 保存探测的结果,以"序号:ip:端口:服务名"

检测脚本

https://github.com/starnightcyber/masnmap/blob/main/masnmap.py

#!/usr/bin/python
# coding=utf-8


import nmap
import datetime
import json
from queue import Queue
from multiprocessing import Pool
import os


ip_file = 'ips.txt'
# masscan_exe = '/usr/local/bin/masscan'
masscan_exe = '/usr/bin/masscan'
masscan_rate = 1000000
masscan_file = 'masscan.json'
task_queue = Queue()
result_queue = Queue()
process_num = 800
total_ports = 0
services_info = []


def run_masscan():
command = 'sudo {} -iL {} -p 1-65535 -oJ {} --rate {}'.format(masscan_exe, ip_file, masscan_file, masscan_rate)
msg = 'executing ==> {}'.format(command)
print(msg)
os.system(command)
pass


def extract_masscan():
"""
extract masscan result file masscan.json into ip:port format, and add to queue
"""
with open(masscan_file, 'r') as fr:
tmp_lines = fr.readlines()
lines = tmp_lines[1:-1]
global total_ports
total_ports = len(lines)
for line in lines:
tmp = line.strip(',\n')
line_json = json.loads(tmp)
# print(line_json)
# extract ip & port
ip = line_json['ip']
port = line_json['ports'][0]['port']

# combine ip:port, and add to queue
ip_port = '{}:{}'.format(ip, port)
task_queue.put(ip_port)
print(ip_port)
# exit()
pass


def nmap_scan(ip_port, index):
# print('scan ==> {}'.format(ip_port))
try:
ip, port = ip_port.split(':')
nm = nmap.PortScanner()
ret = nm.scan(ip, port, arguments='-Pn,-sS')
service = ret['scan'][ip]['tcp'][int(port)]['name']
msg = '{}:{}:{}:{}'.format(index, ip, port, service)
print(msg)
return msg
except:
print('sth bad happen ...')


def setcallback(msg):
services_info.append(msg)


def run_nmap():
pool = Pool(process_num) # 创建进程池
index = 0
while not task_queue.empty():
index += 1
ip_port = task_queue.get(timeout=1.0)
pool.apply_async(nmap_scan, args=(ip_port, index), callback=setcallback)
pool.close()
pool.join()


def save_results():
print('save_results ...')
print("services {} lines".format(len(services_info)))
with open("services.txt", 'w') as fw:
for line in services_info:
fw.write(line+'\n')


def main():
# Step 1, run masscan to detect all the open port on all ips
run_masscan()

# Step 2, extract masscan result file:masscan.json to ip:port format
extract_masscan()

# Step 3, using nmap to scan ip:port
run_nmap()

# Step 4, save results
save_results()


if __name__ == '__main__':
start = datetime.datetime.now()
main()
end = datetime.datetime.now()
spend_time = (end - start).seconds
msg = 'It takes {} process {} seconds to run ... {} tasks'.format(process_num, spend_time, total_ports)
print(msg)

参数配置说明

简要参数说明如下:

ip_file = 'ips.txt' # ip地址文件

masscan_exe = '/usr/bin/masscan' # masscan可执行文件路径

masscan_rate = 1000000 # masscan扫描速率

masscan_file = 'masscan.json' # masscan扫描结果文件

process_num = 800 # 执行nmap扫描的进程数量

具体参数值可以自行调优。

扫描测试说明

对8930个ip地址进行探测,共探测出231687个开放端口及进行服务探测。

# wc -l ips.txt 
8930 ips.txt
# wc -l services.txt 
231687 services.txt

masscan rate 100 0000,并发nmap进程数800,共耗时4761秒: It takes 800 process 4761 seconds to run ... 231687 tasks

具体参数值配置需要根据扫描机器的性能和带宽进行调整。

脚本优化

版本探测

如上说明,masnmap.py只是探测服务的,如需获取服务的版本信息,可以使用-sV替换-sS

使用如下替换nmap_scan中对应的内容,可以获取服务详细版本信息,但速率会有较大的影响。

ret = nm.scan(ip, port, arguments='-sV')
 # print(ret)
 name = ret['scan'][ip]['tcp'][int(port)]['name']
 product = ret['scan'][ip]['tcp'][int(port)]['product']
 version = ret['scan'][ip]['tcp'][int(port)]['version']
 msg = '{}:{}:{}:{}:{}:{}'.format(index, ip, port, name, product, version)

其它可优化项

使用其它更有效的方式替换多进程;

针对重要服务的版本探测,提高检测速率;

转载时必须以链接形式注明原始出处及本声明